欧洲杯比分投注

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欧洲杯比分投注

 
欧洲杯比分投注
欧洲杯足球投注网-借着武磊与英超的传闻,咱们细聊下劳工证

A few days ago, the rumors that many teams in the Premier League, including Wolves, wanted to introduce Wu Lei were aroused. Many fans are discussing how true or false the news is. While Wu Lei can gain a foothold in the Premier League, he also raised a traditional question: what about the labor license?

几天前,有传言称英超联赛中包括狼队在内的许多球队都想引进吴磊。许多粉丝正在讨论新闻的真假。吴磊虽然可以在英超联赛中站稳脚跟,但他也提出了一个传统的问题:劳动许可证怎么样?

Yes, for Chinese players who have been rumored with the Premier League over the years, the labor certification is a stumbling block. However, if Wu Lei does join the Premier League team this time, applying for a labor permit will no longer be an insurmountable problem. The reason, let's break it down.

是的,对于多年来传闻英超联赛的中国球员而言,劳工证书是一个绊脚石。但是,如果吴雷这次确实加入了英超球队,那么申请劳工许可证将不再是一个无法解决的问题。原因,让我们分解一下。

Although fans are more familiar with the Premier League’s labor certification, in fact this system is not limited to football, but a permit issued by the Department of Labor (now called the Department of Employment and Pensions) to allow various types of work in the UK. In short, regardless of what you want to do in the UK, you must first apply for a labor permit if you want to sign a serious work contract.

尽管球迷对英超联赛的劳工证书更加熟悉,但实际上,该系统不仅限于足球,而是劳工部(现称为就业和退休金部)颁发的允许在英国从事各种工作的许可证。简而言之,无论您想在英国做什么,如果要签订认真的工作合同,都必须首先申请劳工许可证。

Specific to the Premier League (and the British Championship), that is, you must pass a certain assessment system set by the FA, which is considered to have the value of playing in the UK and driving the development of the league level in order to rely on this "report card". Obtain a labor license and participate in official competitions of all sizes such as the Premier League, the FA Cup, and the European Championship.

特定于英超联赛(和英国冠军联赛),也就是说,您必须通过由英足总设定的某种评估系统,该评估系统被认为具有在英国踢球和推动联赛发展的价值,以便依靠这张“成绩单”。获得劳动许可证并参加各种规模的官方比赛,例如英超,足总杯和欧洲冠军联赛。

This assessment system is called "Governing Body Endorsement", or GBE for short.

该评估系统称为“理事机构认可”,简称GBE。

For a long time before 2015, non-EU players who wanted to obtain a labor certification through GBE basically had to meet the following two conditions: The FIFA average ranking of their national team in the past two years was in the top 70 in the world; the past two He played at least 75% of the international A-level events for the national team.

要在2015年之前的很长一段时间内,想要通过GBE获得劳工证书的非欧盟球员基本上必须满足以下两个条件:过去两年中,他们国家队的FIFA平均排名在世界排名前70位;在过去的两个赛季中,他至少为国家队出战了75%的国际A级赛事。

If the above two conditions cannot be met at the same time, it is necessary to appeal for the "special genius clause", and a jury will decide whether the player can "make a special contribution to the development of the British league", and they can vote to get the labor certification.

如果不能同时满足以上两个条件,则有必要对“特殊天才条款”提出上诉,陪审团将决定球员是否可以“为欧洲杯比分投注英国联赛的发展做出特殊贡献”,并且他们可以投票获得劳工证书。

Many Premier League teams have signed many stars based on this exception. For example, William only played two games for Brazil when he joined Chelsea, but the FA judges unanimously recognized him as a "special genius".

基于此例外,许多英超联赛球队已经签下了许多明星。例如,威廉加盟切尔西后只为巴西踢了两场比赛,但足协法官一致认为他是“特殊天才”。

For the first batch of Chinese players who landed in the Premier League, the problem of applying for labor certification is not big.

对于首批登陆英超的中国球员来说,申请劳工证的问题并不大。

From Sun Jihai and Zheng Zhi to Dong Fangzhuo, who was teammate with Ronaldo at Manchester United, the Chinese team's FIFA rankings were all over 50 during that time, which met the labor certification requirements. Therefore, as long as they can reach the ratio of playing for the Chinese team, they can live.

从孙继海,郑智到曼联与罗纳尔多的队友董方卓,中国队在那段时间的FIFA排名均超过50,满足了劳工证书的要求。因此,只要他们能够达到中国队的出场率,他们就可以生存。

But for the latecomers of Chinese football, the Premier League has become increasingly unattainable.

但是对于中国足球的后来者来说,英超联赛变得越来越遥不可及。

First of all, the Chinese team's international ranking dropped again and again. Around 2009, it has fallen to the 100th place. In the same year, the British champion Birmingham wanted to bring in Shao Jiayi from Cottbus, but the labor certification application for him was not unexpectedly rejected. Birmingham has since placed hopes on the "special genius clause", and even included the news that Shao Jia was selected once or twice in the Bundesliga Weekly Team, but the appeal ended in failure.

首先,中国队的国际排名一次又一次下降。在2009年左右,它已跌至第100位。同年,英国冠军伯明翰想从科特布斯引进邵佳一,但他的劳工证书申请并未遭到意外拒绝。此后,伯明翰寄希望于“特殊天才条款”,甚至还包括有消息称邵佳入选德甲周刊队一两次,但上诉以失败告终。

Secondly, starting in 2015, the Football Association made a stepwise revision to the GBE audit, which has been in use ever since.

其次,自2015年起,足协对GBE审核进行了逐步修订,此后一直沿用至今。

The details are as follows.

详情如下。

——For the top 10 national teams in the world, players must reach 30% of their appearances;

-对于世界排名前十的国家队,球员必须达到出场次数的30%;

——For national teams ranked 11-20 in the world, players must reach 45% of the number of appearances;

-对于世界排名第11-20的国家队,球员必须达到出场次数的45%;

——For national teams ranked 21-30 in the world, players must reach 60% of their appearances;

-对于世界排名21-30的国家队,球员必须达到出场次数的60%;

——For the national team ranked 31-50 in the world, players must reach 75% of the appearances;

-对于世界排名31-50的国家队,球员必须达到出场率的75%;

——After the 50th in the world, bye.

-世界上第50位,再见。

The Chinese team’s ranking has not been in the top 50 for a long time, which has become one of the reasons why Chinese players have not been seen in the Premier League for a long time. (Of course not the only reason)

中国队的排名已经很久没有进入前50名了,这已经成为中国球员长时间不在英超联赛中出现的原因之一。 (当然不是唯一的原因)

So the question is, now the Chinese team is not ranked in the top 50, why do you say that it is not that difficult for Wu Lei to apply for a labor certification?

所以问题是,现在中国队还没有进入前50名,为什么您说吴磊申请劳工证书并不那么困难?

The answer is still-appeal.

答案仍然有吸引力。

In the past, the appeal of applying for a labor certification was to pass the "special genius clause," but this manual review process lacked written basis and was often complained by public opinion due to excessive subjective factors.

过去,申请劳工证书的呼吁是要通过“特殊天才条款”,但是这种人工审核过程缺乏书面依据,并且由于主观因素过多,经常引起公众舆论的抱怨。

Therefore, while the FA is carrying out GBE step-by-step reforms, it has also thoroughly standardized the appeal process. Now GBE is divided into three steps, and each step becomes "a law to follow".

因此,在FA进行GBE逐步改革的同时,它也已完全标准化了上诉程序。现在,GBE分为三个步骤,每个步骤都成为“要遵循的法则”。

Step.1: For the first application, the system will automatically review after submitting the materials, based on the stepped standard above.

步骤1:对于第一个申请,系统会根据上述步骤标准在提交材料后自动进行审核。

Of course, because the Chinese team is not in the top 50 in the world, if a Premier League team buys Wu Lei, then the first application will be rejected 100%.

当然,由于中国队不在世界排名前50位,如果英超球队购买了吴磊,那么第一个申请将被100%拒绝。

Step.2: The second application is the first appeal. Although it is still manual review, it has been changed to a scoring system based on items in the form. There are a total of the following six items. A score of 4 is considered qualified. (Same content does not repeat the score)

步骤2:第二项申请是第一项上诉。尽管仍是手动审核,但已更改为基于表单中项目的评分系统。总共有以下六个项目。 4分被认为是合格的。 (相同的内容不会重复分数)

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Playing for the Spaniard who played in the Europa League and ranked in the forefront of the team, Wu Lei has scored two points, and two more points are enough.

为在欧罗巴联赛中出战并排在球队前列的西班牙人效力,吴磊得到了2分,再多加2分就足够了。

The next step is a little complicated, so complicated that many people are wrong.

下一步有点复杂,如此复杂以至于很多人错了。

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This article is understood in many domestic media why "75% of the average transfer fee last season", so it came to the conclusion that "Wu Lei can easily reach it", but this is a serious mistake. Percentile (percentile) is a statistical concept that refers to the range of a sample in the population. For example, the 50th percentile is famous: the median.

这篇文章在国内许多媒体中得到了理解,为什么“上赛季平均转会费为75%”,所以得出的结论是“吴磊很容易达到”,但这是一个严重的错误。百分位数(percentile)是一个统计概念,是指总体中样本的范围。例如,第50个百分位数很出名:中位数。

Therefore, the 75th percentile and 75% are completely different. This is really in human terms:

因此,第75个百分点和75%完全不同。这实际上是人类的说法:

Therefore, unless Wu Lei, who is worth 10 million euros, "sold" several times the price, it is difficult to achieve this.

因此,除非价值一千万欧元的吴磊“卖出”好几倍的价格,否则很难做到这一点。

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In summary, if Wu Lei joined the Premier League, it would still be difficult to pass GBE's first appeal like Sun Xingmin did when he joined Tottenham at 30 million. Of course, if a Chinese-funded team like the Wolves directly pays this level of transfer fee, or alone bears the salary of the team above the middle level, then naturally they can get 2-3 points, plus 2 assists by the Spaniard, reaching 4 The passing line is effortless.

总而言之,如果吴磊加入英超,那么像孙兴民以3,000万加盟热刺时所做的那样,要通过GBE的第一次上诉仍然是很难的。当然,如果像狼队这样的中资球队直接支付这样的转会费,或者仅由球队承担中层以上的薪水,那么他们自然可以得到2-3分,以及西班牙人的2助攻,到达4传球线毫不费力。

What if the first appeal fails? Then go to the next step.

如果第一次上诉失败了怎么办?然后转到下一步。

Step.3: The third application is the second appeal. It is still manual review, and supplementary project scores are made on the basis of the previous time. The supplementary items are further divided into six items, each of which will add 1 point, which does not overlap with the same kind of the first appeal.

第三步:第二项上诉。它仍然是手动审核,并且补充项目得分是在上一次的基础上进行的。补充项目进一步分为六个项目,每个项目将增加1分,这与第一类上诉的要求不重叠。

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If the last one was math, then this one was English (laughs). To put it another way, assuming that the median of all transfer fees in the Premier League last season was 20 million pounds, it would exceed 80% of this figure, which is 16 million.

如果最后一个是数学,那么这个是英语(笑)。换句话说,假设英超联赛上所有转会费的中位数为2000万英镑,则将超过这一数字的80%,即1600万英镑。

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If Wu Lei joins the Premier League and fails the first GBE appeal, he will get 1 point each through the above two points, plus 2 points from the Spaniard's assists, the hope of reaching the 4 points pass line is still very high. Although these statistics are not open to the public, the FA will send it to the Premier League clubs before each season. If you really want to buy Wu Lei, then you will open the contract according to the regulations. Naturally, the problem is not big.

如果吴磊加入英超并未能通过GBE第一次上诉,他将通过以上两点各得1分,再加上西班牙人的助攻获得2分,达到4分传球线的希望仍然很高。尽管这些统计信息不向公众开放,但足总会将其在每个赛季之前发送给英超俱乐部。如果您真的想购买Wu Lei,那么您将按照相关规定打开合同。自然,问题不大。

This is why I said at the beginning that if Wu Lei joins the Premier League, his labor certification will no longer be a major problem.

这就是为什么我在一开始就说过,如果吴磊加入英超,他的劳工证书将不再是一个主要问题。

The other four are not relevant, let's take a look at them.

其他四个无关紧要,让我们来看一下。

-Players can transfer freely, but their worth is within 20% of the median value of all transfers in the Premier League last season.

-球员可以自由转让,但他们的身价在上赛季英超所有转让中值的20%以内。

——Playing in the sub-levels of the eight top leagues mentioned above, and personal playing time reaches 30%.

-参加上述八个顶级联赛的子级别比赛,个人比赛时间达到30%。

——The club has participated in the final qualifiers of the intercontinental competition in the past 12 months, and the individual playing time has reached 30%.

-过去十二个月,俱乐部参加了洲际比赛的决赛预选赛,个人比赛时间达到了30%。

-Players represent the national team to participate in a certain proportion of secondary international events, or the national team has reached the semi-finals of the Asian Cup or the African Cup within 12 months.

-运动员代表国家队参加一定比例的次要国际比赛,或者国家队在12个月内达到了亚洲杯或非洲杯的半决赛。

The Chinese team did not reach the semi-finals in the 2019 Asian Cup, and more than 12 months have passed since.

中国队没有进入2019年亚洲杯半决赛,至今已经过去12个月了。

Of course, this article only discusses whether Wu Lei can successfully apply for a labor certification if he joins the Premier League. In fact, whether he can really land in the Premier League, whether the team needs, style, and ability to adapt to physical confrontation are actually more important key factors.

当然,本文仅讨论吴磊加入英超后是否可以成功申请劳工证书。实际上,他是否真的可以进入英超联赛,球队的需求,风格和适应身体对抗的能力实际上是更重要的关键因素。

In short, I still hope that Wu Lei's journey abroad will be smooth sailing.

简而言之,我仍然希望吴蕾的出国之旅会顺利进行。

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